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Monthly Archives: September 2010

Dada was an informal movement during world war I. Dada is the meaning for the word ‘whatever’. The movement was between colonialism and nationalism which they believed was the root cause of the war. They believe that the war started off due to capitalism. They rejected the same things modernism rejected, except in a more political way. The dadaists were formal when like minded artists moved to switzerland which was not involved in any kind of war . Only rich people could afford art so dadaists claimed that art was also a cause of problems. Dada opposed asthetics and everything art stood for. The artwork of dadaists were made to offend people and were stupid or irrelavent. There was just no meaning to their art. They wanted people to hate it. 

Some of the most popular dadaists were – Tristan Tzara, Marcel Janco, Hugo Ball etc. 

After World War I, 
The artists thought the could move back from Zurich to their countries.
Marcel Duchamp’s ‘Fountain’ (1917) was just a picture of a urinal. It would have never even been considered art but Duchamp claimed it was. 
If it wasn’t for this painting, things which were never even considered art are now considered art. He was the first conceptual artist. 
Main areas of Dada’s artwork- Collage, Photomontage, Assemblage (3D collage) and readymades like Duchamp’s urinal.


Modernism is been around for about 120 years and sometimes its refers to as modernism – The art movement or modern as in new. Modernism started off with philosophers and writers 

Important past of modernism- 

People started questioning weather god exists. Charles darwin is and important person in modernism. All modernists did not question religion. It can be said that modernism is the questioning of the past. The impressionists were a radical group of painters who questioned painting of the past. 

Pablo Picasso rips out the rules of how women should be painted. He made abstract paintings of women in which they need not be beautiful. 


Another group obsessed with the future. There was a huger reluctance towards machines and industrialism at that time. Modernist music never caught on. It involved sounds of machines and vehicles. 

The Bauhaus is a German school of design in the 1919 and is the most influential school of design which has influenced modern art, architecture.